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Prose as a form of writing is usually classified according to its form or purpose. It is important to note that prose entails story telling. The story could be long or short. Prose is divided into two types, i.e Fiction and non-fictions

Fictions:
Fictions are the stories that emanate from the author's imagination. These kind of stories are neither real, non factual; and they are far from being true. As a result of this non-factual characteristics, both the events and the character in the most cases are not real, but the most important thing to note is that the author formulates events and characters out if his own creative imagination. The story may however be rooted in a particular known historical event or many events. 

Non-fictions:
These are true life stories. Both the character and the events are real. That is, they were not imagined. Non-fiction can further be classified into two - Biography and Autography. 
Biography:
This is a story of a person written by another person. It is a true k8fe story. 
Autography:
This is the true life story of the author, written by himself or herself. This kind of story reflects a person's true life activities.

Elements/features of Prose:
Prose has some basic elements/features which makes it easy to understand and be recognized. The way events and actions are arranged in a story gives it a theme. Prose has elements/features such as plot, setting, theme, characters and style. 

Plot: 
This feature refers to the arrangement or the design of events in a story. The term is used to describe how the events are arranged. The arrangement can be made chronological order i.e how the events happen one after the other from the beginning to the end or through various forms of flashback methods. It can also be made episodic. That is, creating various episodes for the story.

Setting:
Setting is the background against which the story is written. It shows the time, the location, the people of the area where the event has taken place, their occupation, cultures, beliefs and state of being. 

Theme:
It refers to the main or central ideas of the work. A theme can be identified as the major, minor or sub. The major theme is the central idea or the preoccupation of the author while other themes are classified as minor or sub themes.

Characters:
These are the persons who carry out the actions in a story. There are different types of characters in a story. These are the major characters and the minor characters.
The major characters include the protagonists and the antagonists. They are usually referred to as round character because they appear in the story from beginning to the end. 
Protagonists are the hero or heroine in the story while the antagonists are the villains. The minor characters are those who minor parts in the story. Some of them are referred to as flash characters because they appear in scene and they never appear in the story again. 

Style:
This term refers to the way and manner an author selects and arranges words in order to present his/her story. It is a device that is employed by the writer to pass his ideas or messages. The style is determined through the use of language, the type of language used, i.e simple or complex, sophisticated or crude, etc. The style may also be determined through the plot design or something other idiosyncratic features. 
Prose Appreciation:
Appreciation according to every man's encyclopedia refers to the "understanding of the good quality or worth of something". Literary appreciation therefore means understanding the focus and quantity of a literary work. It is the discovery and identification of the strength and weakness of a work of art or literary work. Thus, in literary appreciation and criticism, one is expected to First understand the purpose of writing. That is, he needs to examine how certain elements are established and put together to form the story before he can objectively criticize the literary work.
These elements as earlier pointed out include the themes, plot system, the characters and their characterization, the style, the unity of purpose and the use of language. Below are examples of how literary appreciation/criticism bcqn be done in selected literary texts. 

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